Tooth pain is universally considered particularly awful. If you’re experiencing tooth pain, you’ll want immediate relief. If you don’t know the cause, narrowing it down in order to find solutions is going to be at the top of your to-do list.

There are several ways in which teeth can hurt. Each of those have different causes and solutions.

Tooth Sensitivity

If you are suffering from sensitive teeth, your teeth are notifying you that their enamel has been compromised. The solution could be as simple as changing your toothbrush or avoiding tooth-whitening toothpastes, or it could be something more serious, like a crack in your tooth that exposes enough of the nerve to sense changes in temperature or textures of food. You could also have gum disease, which affects the enamel on your teeth. Tooth sensitivity can occur in one tooth or all teeth. If it’s occurring in one tooth, it’s more likely to be from damage to that tooth.

Pain from Tooth Damage

If you’re experiencing sharp pains when biting down on food, you could have an issue with your teeth. Either a cavity, a loose filling, or a cracked tooth is potentially to blame.

If you have a history of grinding your teeth, especially at night, you are more likely to have issues with fillings coming loose or cracked teeth.

If you suspect any of these issues, you will have to see a dentist to diagnose and fix the problem.

Sinus Issues

If you’re experiencing a dull ache and pressure in the upper teeth, it might very well be a sinus issue. The roots of your upper teeth often touch the sinus cavity, so if you have a cold or a sinus infection, this could be causing tooth pain. However, grinding of teeth can cause similar types of pain, so if you don’t have a cold or congestion, you’ll want to see your dentist to make sure you’re not damaging your teeth.

Pain from Cavities

If you have any untreated cavities, or if a filling came loose or fell out some time ago and you haven’t been to the dentist, you might end up with this type of pain from infection spreading through your tooth. This type of pain is serious and needs to be treated by a dentist or endodontist. If a tooth is infected, that infection can spread or cause gum and jaw damage. It usually requires a root canal if it isn’t too significant to try to save the tooth. Occasionally, the tooth can’t be saved.

Dental Abscesses

If you’re experiencing constant, severe pain and pressure, and your gums are swollen and sensitive to touch, you might have an abscess.

An abscess is an infection that occurs in and under the root of your tooth. Since there’s nowhere for the infection to escape, it will occasionally try to burrow through your jaw and gum to relieve the pressure. This type of tooth injury needs to be treated by a dentist or periodontist immediately. You will likely need a root canal to remove the infection. Ibuprofen or acetaminophen will help minimize the pain until you can be seen.

If you’re experiencing tooth pain, you should talk to your dentist about what type of pain it is, where it is, and what will need to be done. Only a dentist can diagnose what might be causing your tooth pain to help relieve it.