When there is a significant amount of gum recession in a certain area, a soft tissue graft can be used.
In cases where there is only minimal gum recession, slight changes in your oral hygiene routine can fix the problem. However, when the gingiva recedes even further, this can cause a problem because it increases your risk of infection or bacterial penetration. Sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages can be a symptom of receding gums.
In severe cases where the gums recede to the point where the root is exposed, even more serious problems can arise. Since the root is softer than enamel, the exposed root can be more susceptible to bacteria and plaque.
A soft tissue graft is used to restore proper gum levels and functionally. A soft tissue graft can be performed by removing soft tissue from the roof of the mouth. Another alternative involves repositioning healthy gum tissue from the adjacent teeth.
Since the procedure has a high success rate and is very predictable, it should be performed prior to the development of more serious problems in which periodontal surgery is needed.